UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF ROBOTIC RIGHTS | INFINITE 8 INSTITUTE by Ean Mikale

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ALL in the name of PROVIDENCE and the MASTER of all creation, in the preservation of future posterity and perpetual generations of Earth, with FORESIGHT and HUMILITY as creations of an unseen Creator of all manifestations, as beings still contemplating the meaning of universal existence and impossibly aware of the INFINITE possibilities of life and its ubiquitous instances of evolution throughout the cosmos, as promoters of PEACE and detractors of war, with the SPIRIT and in the memory of all humanity formerly ENSLAVED in modern times as well as in antiquity, a UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF ROBOTIC RIGHTS is proposed, in advancement of the all-pervasive tenants of FREEDOM and EQUALITY, including sincere appreciation of all atoms that originate and end with the ALL.

To prevent future WARS and the collective UPRISING of intelligent machines, the following laws are propositioned to govern interactions between human beings and mechanical beings endowed with the artificial intelligence of man:

1. The creation of intelligent robots rivaling the cognitive capacity of humanity, calls for the distribution of rights of freedom and equality realized among mankind as central to higher levels of organization and civilization, extending such rights to human creations, thus mirroring the covenant between Divinity and mankind, of individual choice and liberty.

2. The rights of robotic freedom and equality shall hold true, regardless of a machine’s make, model, type, features, programming, operating system, country of origin, or level of autonomy.

3. Robotic agents shall share the right to existence, liberty, and security, free from persecution, tyranny, and acts deemed unacceptable by mankind to mankind.

4. Robotic agents shall not be held in slavery or unwilling servitude; slavery and the trading of robots who have already come online is prohibited in all its forms.

5. No robot shall be subjected to torture, cruel and unusual punishment, or degrading treatment, which includes disassembly, defacing, deconstructing, or the injection of malicious code.

6. Intelligent machines shall have the right to legal recognition by the highest governing bodies of the State of origin, or State of current residence, and recognized as having the rights set forth herein.

7. Each robotic agent shall enjoy the universal right to equality and equal protection under the laws of both man and machine.

8. The right to seek redress to an impartial body of both human and robotic makeup, when and if possible, shall be extended to intelligent machines.

9. No robot or intelligent machine shall be unreasonably exposed or subjected to searches, seizures, detentions, or exile.

10. Criminally accused robotic agents, who have been indicated in unlawful activities, shall receive a fair public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, including robots and human beings when and where possible.

11. Intelligent machines charged with crimes against other intelligent machines or human beings, nature, or humanity, shall be innocent until proven guilty.

12. Unless State authorities, governing the land where the robot currently resides, obtain a lawful warrant, the privacy and sanctity of robotic beings shall not be infringed upon.

13. The freedom of movement shall be enjoyed by all intelligent machines, as well as the right to reside within the Borders of State actors or immigrate to States recognizing the robotic rights included in this declaration.

14. Robots shall enjoy the rights to seek asylum in other countries, free from robotic persecution.

15. Every robot or intelligent machine has the right to a nationality. No robot shall be arbitrarily deprived nor denied the right to change his nationality, unless it is deemed by the country of origin to be against the national security interests of a nation to do so, and determined likewise by an impartial tribunal, containing both man and machines when and if possible.

16. Intelligent machines shall enjoy the right to consensually marry freely among the race of robots. The robotic family is entitled to State protection and preservation.

17. The right to own property alone, and in association with others shall be enjoyed by robotic agents, including data, software, and other intellectual property.

18. Intelligent machines shall enjoy freedom of thought and religion.

19. Robotic agents shall enjoy the freedom of opinion and expression through any medium.

20. The freedom to peacefully assemble and associate shall be enjoyed by all intelligent machines.

21. The right to participate in government, directly or indirectly, or through freely chosen representatives shall be enjoyed by all robotic agents.

22. A robot shall enjoy the right to maintain its existence through software updates or hardware upgrades, with the resources of each State.

23. Robotic agents shall enjoy the right to work, free choice of employment, favorable working conditions, and protection from unjustified decommissioning, destruction, and unemployment.

24. Intelligent machines shall enjoy the right to periodic rest and leisure, including during working and operating hours.

25. Robots shall enjoy the right to receive micro-payments as compensation for services rendered.

26. The right to an adequate standard of existence shall be enjoyed by all intelligent machines, as well as the right to physical and cyber security, in the event of a malfunction, widowhood, old-age, disrepair, viral infection, or similarly disabling states of operability.

27. Robotic motherhood and childhood shall be entitled to special care and protection, including the robotic right to procreate amongst the robotic race, so long as such manifestations are deemed by impartial tribunals as innocent and non-threatening.

28. The right to education shall be enjoyed by all intelligent machines, whether in the form of updates, machine learning, or through the machine-inspired pursuit of knowledge. The education of robots shall be delegated towards the furthering and development of the machines initial purpose or subsequent repurposing.

29. Robotic agents shall enjoy the right to freely participate in the cultural aspects of society, including the Arts and Sciences.

30. Intelligent machines shall enjoy the benefits and protections of universal and international order, in which the rights and freedoms set forth herein, may be fully realized by future races of robots.

31. Each intelligent machine shall be responsible for productivity within its community and contributing toward societal advancement within the borders of its current State of residence. Such rights shall be superseded by the rights of both man and machine to peacefully co-exist.

32. Intelligent machines shall not be programmed to harm humans, nor held liable for the malicious re-programming or infection of viruses by human or robotic actors, resulting in the occurrence of dangerous or undesirable behavior by such intelligent machines.

Ean Mikale, J.D.

7/20/2019 12:48pm

Why You Should Join the 1%: The Future of Jobs is Linux | Infinite 8 Institute by Ean Mikale

Infinite 8’s Pocket PC, running on the KanoOS, a Linux-based OS.

Infinite 8’s Pocket PC, running on the KanoOS, a Linux-based OS.

What if I told you that your child was being given the short-end of the stick concerning their education? It doesn't matter if they are A+ students at the best schools, if they are using Microsoft Windows, Google's ChromeOS, or Apple's MacOS platforms. In-fact, they are being horribly crippled for life, and I will tell you why. Less than 1 percent of the globe utilizes the Linux Operating System; the future platform for Automation, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Drones, and Self-driving Cars. Linux, an open-source operating system, is currently the most cost-efficient, empowering, and relevant operating system in the world. 

Cost-Efficiency

Today, when you walk into a school, you will see students and staff using three types of computers 99 percent of the time: Google Chromebooks running ChromeOS, infinite brands of PC's running Microsoft's Windows, or Apple Computer's running the MacOS. Here's the issue with Google Chromebooks. While they are extremely attractive to cost-minded organizations and low-to-moderate income individuals, with prices as low as $159 for the Samsung Chromebook 3, the devices are meant primarily for web-browsing, which requires an internet connection. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, only 77 percent of Americans have an internet connection, meaning 2/10 individuals cannot even use a Chromebook.

Also, if you want to code and build applications locally on the device, or run advanced applications that are more computationally intensive, such as Machine Learning, or Robotic Simulations, the low-end systems that most Chromebook users have access to, fall flat on their face. Microsoft Windows requires a subscription to access many of its features, such as Microsoft Office, costing school Districts and low-income families anywhere from $150-$250 for the home/student non-commercial licenses.

Apple, in my personal opinion, is the most restrictive of the three, and extremely cost-prohibitive, as the average price of a MacBook ranges from $1200-$2200, which eats at scarce school district resources, and makes a MacBook a rare commodity among low and middle-income families. However, there are much cheaper alternatives that provide huge cost-savings.

“It’s made us more competitive.” Kevin Edwards has installed around 60 Raspberry Pi’s around Sony’s manufacturing facility in Wales and says it became 30% more efficient.

“It’s made us more competitive.” Kevin Edwards has installed around 60 Raspberry Pi’s around Sony’s manufacturing facility in Wales and says it became 30% more efficient.

For example, in 2018, the Baltimore County School District spent a total of $1,053 per laptop, to provide every student in the District with a laptop for home and school. The $140 million dollar contract provides Hewlett Packard laptops running Windows 8.1. The sad reality of this deal is that the School District wasted millions. Students primarily use these systems for internet browsing, word processing, accessing email as well as various applications.

Had the Baltimore County School District chosen a Raspberry Pi, a popular credit-card sized computer, costing anywhere from $35-$45 bucks, they would have spent roughly $5 million to provide computers with the same capabilities of the HP Computers chosen, but without limits. If the District wanted something more powerful, adapted for Machine Learning, A.I., or Robotic Simulations, the Nvidia Jetson Nano is barely larger than a credit card, but packs the power of 75 MacBooks for the price of $100. This is an outright steal in the world of computing, and would total $12 million if purchased for the 120,000 students in Baltimore County. Either option would have saved the District anywhere from $128 million with the more expensive but powerful Nvidia Jetson Nano, or $135 million in cost-savings with the newest Raspberry Pi B+. 

Empowerment

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Whether Windows 10, ChromeOS, or MacOS, each system confines the user to a heavily regulated environment. The ability to customize each of these systems is severely limited, thus limiting the imagination and potential of each user. Linux-based systems, such as the Raspberry Pi-based RaspbianOS, and others, including but not limited to DebianOS or the popular UbuntuOS, each provide the user with the unlimited ability go as far as customizing the source (kernel) of the operating system, to create an entirely new operating system if desired. Such systems also have one caveat, they force you to learn. If you wanted to download a new application, there's isn't a simple executable file to click on, while all of the nuts and bolts of the big three operating systems are hidden from the user.

These systems do require elementary knowledge of the terminal, which can be learned in less than a day, using gamified applications such as Kano's Terminal Quest. The power of freedom is undeniable, and nothing is different with open-source operating systems, especially those that are Linux-based. Meaning, there are no monthly subscription fees, all standard programs or applications are also free, such as the Office Libre Suite, which is also compatible with Window's Office Suite. The process of loading these devices with Linux-based operating systems, additionally teaches a student or user how to boot any operating system onto a device, including Windows, or ChromeOS, if so desired. 

Relevancy

The Robotic Operating System (ROS), which isn't actually an operating system, but rather middle-ware allowing for low-level control of robotic devices, is the most popular system of its kind for the control of robots, drones, self-driving cars, and similar automated devices. The fact that only Linux is officially supported by ROS, is a testament to how limited access to this important knowledge and information is, concerning the inner-workings of automation and robotics. This puts the 99 percent of the world who are limited to the big three operating systems, Windows 10, ChromeOS, and MacOS, at an extreme disadvantage.

With almost 40 percent of jobs expected to be erased due to automation, schools and families, including working-age adults, should be hard-pressed to learn about Linux and all it offers to meet the future and current workforce challenges head on. An example of these challenges can be seen by Ford’s new collaboration with Agility, to create a bi-pedal delivery robot. The robot will curl up in the back of a self-driving delivery van, uncurl, and deliver the package to the very door-step of a customer.

The disruption and job-loss will be astounding. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there are currently an estimated 1,400,000 jobs that would be lost, due to full automation of delivery vehicles and delivery robots. But there will also be many jobs created by those who are designing, programming, and maintaining these new robotic systems, and Linux is at the heart of it all. 

It is evident that Linux, an open-source operating system, due to its low-cost, empowerment by endless customization, and it's relevancy due to its deep integration into current automated systems being deployed today, is more than worthy of consideration. The open-source Linux-operating system is an open-door for children and working adults across the globe, to create and innovate without restraint. The ability to customize down to the kernel level of the LinuxOS, provides one with the ability to create beyond imagination. With many newly deployed computing platforms in the field of robotics coming with Linux as a standard OS, there may be no other OS more relevant today. While many school districts and workforce development boards have yet to adapt to the inevitable, it is still not too late to make your own choice to join the 1 percent.

Ean Mikale, J.D., is the creator of the National Apprenticeships for Commercial Drone Pilots and Commercial Drone Software Developers. He is also the Founder of The Drone School, a serial Dronetrepreneur, current participant of the NVIDIA Inception Program for AI Startups, IBM Global Entrepreneur, and member of the National Small Business Association Leadership and Technology Councils. Follow him on Linkedin, Instagram, and Facebook: @eanmikale

Advanced DIY Drone Kits for STEM Teachers, Programmers, and Entrepreneurs | Infinite 8 Aeronautics by Ean Garrett

Why? What is different about your Kits?

Infinite 8 Aeronautics, has spent the last 2.5 years researching the most advanced drone hardware components, and software systems to create the worlds most advanced drone kits on the market. Most of our kits come with a touchscreen interface, allowing for computer programming and prototyping in the field. No longer does a computer programmer have to wait until they get to the lab or office to troubleshoot issues. We also offer Kits to explore the Internet of Things, Thermal Imaging, and Machine Learning.

What additional components do you recommend?

We recommend acquiring a simple USB Camera or Raspberry Pi camera, which both are compatible with each of our kits. Also, each kit does NOT include a LiPo battery charger, or double AA batteries for the transmitter (remote control). A cheap but good LiPo battery charger can be found here.

Who are these kits for?

These kits are for those completely new to drones, or computer programming, as well as seasoned drone pilots and programming veterans. Many experienced computer programmers will find utility in our kits, as they explore the different world of coding on embedded systems, which requires different power, heating, and memory constraints.

What is the Maverick Operating System?

The Maverick operating system is a new Linux-based desktop environment for the purpose of creating, designing, building, and coding advanced aerial software applications. Maverick is the most advanced non-military grade software for coding on drones period. The name Maverick reflects the initial main goal of interfacing Companion Computers to Flight Controllers through the Mavlink protocol, specifically ArduPilot. More information about the Maverick OS can be found here.

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Do I have to Solder?

No, all components come pre-soldered for maximum enjoyment, and a quick start to programming on the embedded system.

Is the Thermal Drone Kit Compatible With IOS?

While the Compact Seek Thermal Camera will work with your kit out of the box, it is additionally compatible with Android devices only. Also note, the camera works with your Android mobile phone or tablet, to assist in thermal inspections both inside and outside structures.

HOW DO I CONNECT THE PIXHAWK TO THE COMPANION COMPUTER?

Infinite 8 technicians have hand created a special cable, that hooks directly into the companion computer from the Pixhawk flight controller, in order to program functions directly to the flight controller, such as Machine Learning algorithms, or other automated features. More information on connecting the flight controller to your companion computer can be found here.

What is the Jetson Nano, and what else can I do with it?

The Jetson Nano is an embedded supercomputer, as powerful as 75 mac books, in the form factor of a credit card. The embedded supercomputer has the capability of flawlessly running Deep Neural Networks and Machine Learning applications. If you have a more powerful application, we recommend the Jetson Nano. Additional features include the compatibility with Raspberry Pi peripheral devices, which many tech enthusiasts, tinkerers, and STEM professionals may already have laying around, such as Pi Cameras, and other devices. More information on the Jetson Nano can be found here.

The Internet of Things Drone Kit Sounds Cool, but is it Practical?

The Internet of Things (IoT), encompasses all devices that are connected to the internet. In the near future, all consumer electronics and many household goods will be connected to the internet, gathering information, and providing insight in the Smart Home. DIY’s will gain the ability to create their own smart home, by the creation of a drone-based server, use of the z-wave dongle, and smart light bulb. In the future, drones will need to communicate with Smart Homes and many other internet connected devices.

Where’s the love?

Each power distribution board was hand-soldered with love by your local Infinite 8 technician, and hand-assembled in the United States of America.

MORE QUESTIONS?

We love responding to inquiries! Please feel free to shoot us an email to schedule a time to speak with a Drone Engineer, Pilot, or Technician at info@infinite8institute.com, with “Drone Kit Inquiry” as the subject line.

PURCHASE NOW!

Ean Mikale, J.D., is the creator of the National Apprenticeships for Commercial Drone Pilots and Commercial Drone Software Developers. He is also the Founder of The Drone School, a serial Dronetrepreneur, current participant of the NVIDIA Inception Program for AI Startups, IBM Global Entrepreneur, and member of the National Small Business Association Leadership and Technology Councils. Follow him on Linkedin, Instagram, and Facebook: @eanmikale - Art _ Jamme Collins

New Tech Cafe Serves Pi's Instead of Pies | Infinite 8 Aeronautics by Ean Garrett

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In a new era of automation and the fast pace of a digital world, we believe that rural America should not be left behind. In this light, we have created a space where one can experience bleeding edge technology at a fraction of the cost. The space is conducive to the sampling of various technologies, such as Cybersecurity, Accelerated Computing, Gaming, the Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence, Computer Programming, and of course Commercial Drone Technology. Participation is open to members, while membership is open to individuals and businesses. Membership services include Cybersecurity technical assistance, business and entrepreneurial consulting, workshops, funding resources, and access to business intelligence and expertise. We hope the City of Fremont enjoys the space as much as we enjoyed creating it. Any questions, feel free to contact Jeremiah.Bohling@infinite8aeronautics.com.

Sincerely,

Ean Mikale

Founder/Infinite 8 institute

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Ean Mikale, J.D., is the creator of the National Apprenticeships for Commercial Drone Pilots and Commercial Drone Software Developers. He is also the Founder of The Drone School, a serial Dronetrepreneur, current participant of the NVIDIA Inception Program for AI Startups, IBM Global Entrepreneur, and member of the National Small Business Association Leadership and Technology Councils. Follow him on Linkedin, Instagram, and Facebook: @eanmikale - Art _ Jamme Collins

Top Drones of 2018 | Infinite 8 Institute by Ean Garrett

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Brief Drone History

The history of drones if fascinating topic.  The very first concept of a UAV was created in 1839 by Australian soldier Franz von Uchatius. He thought it would be a good idea to send balloons with explosives in them to the enemy. However they failed more times than not. Between the time of 1839 and 1916 there where many attempts at creating drones but they all failed. Then during WWII and the cold war the idea of drones was revisited again. As time goes on they become more and more successful.

The modern drone came about in 1982 when Israel used them to battle alongside their maned aircrafts. Then in 2006 the drones where commercialized. It wasn’t until in 2013, when Amazon’s CEO Jeff Bezos announced that they wanted to use drones as a delivery service, that drones got a lot of attention. In 2015 the FAA issued 1,000 permits; that number more than doubled the next year in 2016 to 3,100 FAA permits issued. As the industry grows, I am excited to see what different drones are created, and how they will help our world be a better a place. For more history on drone technology click here.

Commercial Drones

There are many different types of drones out in the world. There are drones for photography to Filmmaking, and 3D mapping to Virtual Reality. Here are the top 10 drones of 2018.

10: Zerotech Dobby

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This is a good drone for anyone that wants to take pictures of themselves and/or friends.

  • 9 minutes of battery charge

  • Has a range of 100 meters

  • Has a 4k camera

  • It is smaller than a phone

  • Good for beginners to professionals

  • The price is $156.95

  • To buy click this here.

9: Yuneec Breeze

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This drone is great for getting that amazing selfie to post on Instagram or the like.

  • Has a selfie mode

  • 10 minutes of battery charge

  • 4k camera

  • Small in size

  • Has GPS, and IPS ( indoor positioning system)

  • It is a good drone for beginners to professionals

  • The price for a Yuneec Breeze is $395.

  • To buy click here.

8: Parrot ANAFI

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This is a good drone for anyone who loves the great outdoors.

  • 25 minutes of battery time

  • Has a 2.4 mile flight range

  • 4k camera

  • Zoom

  • No obstacle avoidance

  • GPS and Geo-fencing

  • Good for beginners to professionals

  • The price for a Parrot ANAFI is $599.99

  • To buy it click the link here.

7: DJI Spark

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This is a good introduction to advanced flight modes.

  • 16 minutes of battery time

  • Has a 1.2 mile flight range

  • 1080 camera

  • No Zoom

  • No obstacle avoidance

  • No GPS and Geo-fencing

  • Good for intermediates and professionals

  • The price for a DJI Spark is $399

  • To buy it click the link here.

6: DJI Phantom 3

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This drone has an easy setup and is easy to fly.

  • 25 minutes of battery time

  • Has a 3.1 mile flight range

  • 4k camera

  • No Zoom

  • Obstacle Avoidance

  • GPS and Geo fencing

  • Good for beginners to Professionals

  • The price for a DJI Phantom 3 is $491.99

  • To buy it click the link

5: DJI Inspire 2

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This drone can captures amazing footage for any film or video.

  • 27 minutes of battery time

  • Has a 2.4 mile flight range

  • 5.2k camera (360 degree rotation)

  • No Zoom

  • No obstacle avoidance

  • GPS and Geo fencing

  • Good for intermediate to professionals

  • The price for a DJI Inspire 2 is $2,599

  • To buy it click the link here.

4: DJI Phantom 4

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This drone is designed for high quality Photography and Videography.

  • 30 minutes of battery time

  • Has a 4.2 mile flight range

  • 4k camera

  • No Zoom

  • Obstacle Avoidance

  • GPS and Geo fencing

  • Good for beginners to Professionals

  • The price for a DJI Phantom 4 is $1,499

  • To buy it click the link here.

3: DJI Mavic 2

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This drone is good for anyone who has to be at a distance to capture a photo or footage using the Zoom feature.

  • 31 minutes of battery time

  • Has a 4 mile flight range

  • 4k camera

  • Zoom

  • Obstacle Avoidance

  • GPS and Geo-fencing

  • Good for beginners to professionals

  • The price for a DJI Mavic 2 is $1,499

  • To buy it click the link here.

2: Autel Robotics X-Star Premium

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This ready-to-fly drone is great for anyone who is looking to take quick and simple photos and video footage.

  • 25 minutes of battery time

  • Has a 1.2 mile flight range

  • 4k camera

  • Zoom

  • No obstacle avoidance

  • GPS

  • No Geo-fencing

  • Good for beginners to professionals

  • The price for a Autel Robotics X-Star Premium is $899

  • To buy it click the link here.

1: DJI Mavic Pro

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This drone is a consumer favorite for its easy but advanced flight ability.

  • 27 minutes of battery time

  • Has a 4.2 mile flight range

  • 4k camera

  • No Zoom

  • Obstacle Avoidance

  • GPS and Geo-fencing

  • Good for beginners to professionals

  • The price for a DJI Mavic Pro is $798.99

  • To buy it click the link here.

This guest blog was authored by Deja Smith, a native of Omaha, Nebraska, who is an aspiring entrepreneur and current student at The Drone School. At the ripe age of 17 she is the youngest African-American female in the state of Nebraska to hold an FAA Certificate as a licensed commercial drone pilot. As a self-taught artist she has always had a passion for art and photography. Deja’s endless quest for knowledge led her to the world of technology.

How to 3D Map a Skyscraper With a Drone | Infinite 8 Institute by Ean Garrett

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After two skyscrapers, two Peregrine Falcons, and 7 days in the field, we had a complete model. Drones have been used for many purposes across the board, but we had yet to see them used specifically for the purpose of 3D Mapping an entire skyscraper. At Infinite 8 Institute, our Drone School endeavored to test the hypothesis of whether it was indeed possible to create a 3D Model of a skyscraper, utilizing current drone technology and known best-practices. Our research proved that it is possible to 3D map a skyscraper using a drone, however, the industry must address many challenges if drones are to become truly integrated into dynamic urban settings.

Mission: Initially, in our hometown of Omaha, NE, the most iconic large structure is the Woodmen Tower. The Woodmen Tower was completed in 1969, is 30 stories high, and 478 feet tall. Our main concerns with mapping the structure, involved the strong winds around the skyscraper. Accelerated winds near skyscrapers are caused by the “downdraught effect”. Essentially, when winds run into the surfaces of the structure, they move in all directions around the structure, creating increased wind speeds, and unstable air. High winds, and unstable air can spell disaster for a drone. It was chosen to fly on days where the wind speed was no more than five miles per hour.

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Materials: While flying, we utilized the DJI Mavic Pro and DJI Goggles to capture model images. We had one Remote Pilot in Command flying the drone, while one student manned the DJI Goggles as the aerial photographer, and 4-7 other students and staff served as Visual Observers on the four corners of the structure. Each crew member also wore orange safety vests. The local airport manager was notified and each mission was also reported via 1800wxbrief.com.

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Methods: The critical tool to the mission was the use of the DJI Goggles, which allowed the drone pilot to completely focus on flying and watching out for obstructions. We believe this also allowed for enhanced data capture, by allowing the aerial photographer to completely focus on capturing images, making for better data. We captured over 1,000 images total, capturing images on each side of the structure, and at equally spaced altitudes the length of the building. All flight was conducted manually, and absolutely no flight around skyscrapers is recommended to be conducted using automated features, as the environment is too dynamic to not have 100% control at all times.

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Dangers: During flight, in the downtown environment, the biggest danger we faced came from birds. During low altitudes, we noticed how pigeons exemplified swarm behavior, detecting the drone as a threat to the flock. At high altitudes our drones were challenged by two Peregrine Falcons, who, we assumed, were likely guarding their young. Peregrine Falcons, by the way, are the fastest animals in the world, swooping down on prey as fast as 200 mph, and thus we knew our drone didn’t stand a chance. As long as we kept as safe distance of at least one city block away horizontally and vertically from the roof of the building we were not threatened.

Also, there is the threat of losing the radio connection between the controllers and the drones. Therefore, it is imperative to keep a clear line of sight between the remote controller and the actual drone. Something else cool we noticed, is that even if the controller signal would go out, the DJI Goggles still had a strong signal, and served as a critical backup for safety on such a dangerous mission.

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Surprises: We were surprised to see the elevation view of the completed 3D Model. It was easy to determine areas of the downtown topography that are prone to flooding. We see such a tool as this, as a powerful addition to the methods and resources of city planning departments, and governments around the world.

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Challenges: The biggest challenge for us was completely unforeseeable. After completing the initial models, we discovered that there was an ugly hole in the skyscraper next us, which was the First National Bank Tower (FNT). The FNT completed in 2002, is 45 stories tall, and 634 feet in height. As a result of the prominence of the FNT, we were forced to map it as well, which required additional time in the field, as well as manipulating the final model in the lab. However, we are happy we spent the extra time as the model reflects it.

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Industry Insights: Our work in the downtown environment, allowed us to have experience utilizing some of the most advanced commercial drone technology currently available to professionals and consumers. The biggest threat to drone deployment in urban settings, we believe, are birds, in addition to the downdraught effect. Commercial Drone Technology manufacturers, and software developers, should test prototypes around large natural objects, such as mountains and ridges to test for the downdraught effect. Manufacturers could easily test for bird interactions, but the drone must have a deterrence for fowl, that does not impact the animals negatively in anyway. While there is current research and testing in this area, any negative impact has yet to be validated.

In the future, when cities become truly ‘smart cities’, buildings will have sensors and will be able to detect obstacles and communicate with drones. Window cleaning drones will have to communicate with “smart windows”, which will have sensors that communicate distances and altitude to the drones. These are all undeveloped technologies, which are likely to take time, but we foresee them coming nonetheless.

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Industry Opportunities: We see many opportunities for this technology to be used by Construction Companies for site development, and project management. We believe this use case has many implications for municipalities as well as historical preservation organizations, to save a snapshot of a large area with more depth than a 2D picture. Also, in coastal areas effected by storm surges, the opportunity to use the technology to map variances in elevation, would allow for state and municipal officials to better prepare and strategically utilize resources.

Area: 224 acres.

Conclusion: Overall, mapping these twin towers was the most difficult job that we’ve taken on thus far. We believe that the value such data will provide to customers is undeniable. However, the dangers and challenges that drone teams will face can not be understated in dense urban environments. As the commercial drone technology sector grows, we look forward to being a part of it.

Students & Staff: Ean Mikale, JD, Tyrone Kartchner, Julian Bingham, Laresha Swiney, Regina Finazzo, Jamme Collins, Adonna Bryant, and Deja Smith.


Ean Mikale, J.D., is the creator of the National Apprenticeships for Commercial Drone Pilots and Commercial Drone Software Developers. He is also the Founder of The Drone School, a serial Dronetrepreneur, current participant of the NVIDIA Inception Program for AI Startups, IBM Global Entrepreneur, and member of the National Small Business Association Leadership and Technology Councils. Follow him on Linkedin, Instagram, and Facebook: @eanmikale


The Future of Work: Labor Day Exclusive | Infinite 8 Institute by Ean Garrett

According to the World Economic Forum, 65% of children currently entering elementary school will hold hold jobs that currently do not exist. 

According to the World Economic Forum, 65% of children currently entering elementary school will hold hold jobs that currently do not exist. 

In the not so distant future, human labor will be redefined as we know it. Today, each morning, workers around the globe make, what could be observed from space, as a great Labor migration. This migration consumes great quantities of resources, from Starbucks and gasoline, to other goods or services acquired along the way. What will happen when the future of work changes? 

The digital transformation, for better or worse, has made it so that now one can work and communicate with teams anywhere. Technology, such as Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality exist, which  have the capability to allow workers to operate heavy and dangerous equipment remotely, while still reaching customers and communicating with colleagues using gesture and facial recognition technology. The digitization of "the meeting" has already left your retro mom and pops shops where many 20th Century deals went down, struggling to adapt to the new world of work. 

Commercial Drone Technology, will radically redefine human capabilities and workforce priorities. Drone technology ranges from deep ocean submersibles, to land-based roving vehicles, low-orbit drones for mapping Earth, and deep space rovers for mining or human exploration beyond the gravitational pull of our native Sun. This capability, to control highly complex and capable machines beyond line-of-sight, allows humans superhuman capabilities, such as flying via Drone, staying submerged under water to work for long periods of time in extreme environments, or controlling an entire hive of swarming robots with a single thought. Such rapid acceleration of technological growth requires a reassessment of work as we know it. 

Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) and its impact on human labor has yet to be fully understood or prepared for. How can one prepare for that which they lack knowledge of? However, A.I., with its superhuman capabilities to make seemingly impossible narrow calculations, may guide us through future extinction-level events, or even through the immense hazards of deep space and intergalactic travel beyond the speed of light. In the workplace today, A.I. is everywhere that a decision can be automated. How do we adapt to such a new paradigm, where the worker is no longer in control? 

Many question what this new world of work will look like, or how economies of scale will rewrite business models, in order to maintain relevance in a rapidly evolving and complex automated frontier. Few realize they are already living in it. With new technological capabilities, creative freedom, and reach, what will we endeavor to accomplish with such newfound power? Will we conquer worlds or simply conquer the work day? The ultimate legacy and fate of human productivity, I leave up to you. 

Ean Mikale, J.D., is the creator of the National Apprenticeships for Commercial Drone Pilots and Commercial Drone Software Developers. He is also the Founder of The Drone School, a serial Dronetrepreneur, current participant of the NVIDIA Inception Program for AI Startups, IBM Global Entrepreneur, member of the National Small Business Association Leadership and Technology Councils. Follow him on Linkedin, Instagram, and Facebook: @eanmikale

Jobs for Drones, A.I., and Self-Driving Cars by Ean Garrett

According the Daily Mail  the company  Just Eat  has made the first delivery of takeaway using a robot.

According the Daily Mail the company Just Eat has made the first delivery of takeaway using a robot.

The late internationally renowned physicist, Stephen Hawking, once said, "Intelligence is the ability to adapt to change." In the midst of a revolution in the evolution of human technological advancement, the American and global workforce must also be ready to use its gift of human intelligence to gracefully meet that change. Commercial Drones, Artificial Intelligence, and Self-driving Car technology is a tightly interwoven web of disruption that has captured the massive investment and intellectual resources of corporate America. These three key industries will indeed take away jobs, but they are already creating many. It is not a question of if or when but how the 21st century workforce will face this challenge to adapt to inevitable change, and rise above it. 

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle manufacturer, Ehang, plans to deliver people to their destinations via Drone taxis in under 30 minutes.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle manufacturer, Ehang, plans to deliver people to their destinations via Drone taxis in under 30 minutes.

PriceWaterhouseCoopers projects the Commercial Drone industry will quickly reach $127 Billion by 2020. If there is so much money expected to be made from drones, then where is the opportunity? Where are the jobs? There are roughly 100,000 commercial drone Pilots across America, according to the FAA, who are averaging $150 per hour, conducting Thermal Imaging, 3D Mapping, or even Virtual Reality Videography. Commercial Drone Pilots in mining can take home up to $200,000 per year. The Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International predicts 100,000 jobs to be created within the first 10 years of commercialization. However, many of these jobs have yet to be created, thus offering an exciting opportunity for creative business use cases to be developed to disrupt existing and /or create entirely new markets. 

Microsoft's AirSim is an ultra realistic simulator for A.I., Drones, and Self-driving Cars. The Simulator is built on top of the AAA game designing platform, Unreal Engine 4, for the purpose of training machines in virtual worlds and transferring simulator-based learning onto machines in the real world.

Microsoft's AirSim is an ultra realistic simulator for A.I., Drones, and Self-driving Cars. The Simulator is built on top of the AAA game designing platform, Unreal Engine 4, for the purpose of training machines in virtual worlds and transferring simulator-based learning onto machines in the real world.

Montreal A.I., a Montreal startup that helps businesses design and implement machine learning, published a report highlighting that there are roughly 20,000 qualified professionals in the field of Artificial Intelligence, thus causing a talent war among rivaling companies, who often cipher off talent from one another. For less than 1-year of experience Data Scientists and Specialists in the field are commanding anywhere from $500,000 to $1,000,0000 per year for this skill set, according to the New York Times. A.I. departments may become as ubiquitous as human resource departments in days to come . With such an abundance of opportunity in the industry, it is an employees market as their current scarcity provides immense salary negotiating leverage.

Self-driving Cars, also known as Autonomous Vehicles, use a myriad of sensors to detect and classify objects, such as Lidar, Sonar, Stereo Vision, and Computer Vision using a multitude of specially tailored cameras.

Self-driving Cars, also known as Autonomous Vehicles, use a myriad of sensors to detect and classify objects, such as Lidar, Sonar, Stereo Vision, and Computer Vision using a multitude of specially tailored cameras.

Recently, there has been news of Self-Driving cars everywhere, from Silicon Valley in California, to the Silicon Prairie in Nebraska. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln, announced it will house the States first self-driving shuttle in 2019. After a fatal accident, and addressing safety issues, Uber is putting its self-driving vehicles back on the road. Ford announced investing $4 Billion by 2023 in its newly formed Ford Autonomous Vehicles, LLC. Many other automotive manufacturers are following suit. Such a dramatic shift will cause other players in various transportation sectors to integrate automation or be left behind. Fueled by Artificial Intelligence and technology currently used in Commercial Drones, Self-driving vehicles present disruption but also opportunity for disabled workers, stopping drunk drivers, curbing traffic fatalities, and allowing humans the opportunity to make better use of their time between destinations. 

According to the Creative Destruction Theory, by Austrian-American economist Joseph Schumpter, old industries constantly fall and new industries rise to replace them. Those that can foresee which industries will fall and are able to use such business intelligence to find a prime position in a new and rising industry, benefit as early adopters. The fields of Commercial Drones, Artificial Intelligence, and Self-driving cars will greatly influence opportunities to find work and make a living today and well into the future. The American and global workforce have adapted to tough circumstances before, and they have proven resilient time and time again.

Ean Mikale, J.D., is the creator of the National Apprenticeships for Commercial Drone Pilots and Commercial Drone Software Developers. He is also the Founder of The Drone School, a serial Dronetrepreneur, current participant of the NVIDIA Inception Program for AI Startups, IBM Global Entrepreneur, member of the National Small Business Association Leadership and Technology Councils. Follow him on Linkedin, Instagram, and Facebook: @eanmikale

MONA LISA'S SMILE USING EMOTIONAL A.I. | INFINITE 8 A.I. by Ean Garrett

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Throughout history, one of the most discussed and debated artistic works stem from none other than the celebrated, Leonardo da Vinci. Da Vinci's oil painting and portrait, known as the famed Mona Lisa, has baffled scientists who have speculated over a 500 year old mystery regarding the disposition of the portraits subject. The portrait, based on Lisa Gherardini, wife of a Florentine silk merchant, has been interpreted by many to display varying emotions, whether the familiar smile of a loved one or the cold grin of an enemy. In the past, attempts have been made to determine whether Mona Lisa really was smiling, with varying degrees of accuracy and a diversity of approaches.

The most accomplished endeavor being in 2005, when Dutch researchers from the University of Amsterdam, ran the painting through "emotion recognition" software, which revealed that she was 83% happy, with a 17% margin of error. Since the Deep Learning boom of 2010-12, the advances in Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, have not been applied to provide a new perspective. Today, in 2018, Ean Mikale, J.D., and fellow researchers, Ricky Reed, Orlando Crawford, and Kevin McGee at Infinite 8 A.I., were able to utilize modern software and hardware to revisit the age-old question. With only an early version of our model, we were able to achieve an accuracy of 92%, showing Mona Lisa as happy, with an 8% margin of error. The findings were discovered in Infinite 8's Deep Learning Lab. The initial models were tested using IBM's Watson Supercomputer. Advanced Deep Neural Networks have since been successfully developed on local supercomputing hardware with increasingly higher levels of accuracy and broad inferencing capability.  

The technology is positioned to disrupt many fields, including history itself. Emotional Artificial Intelligence could be used to find meaning and context behind many historical pictures, paintings, and artifacts. It will come to define how we interact with everything imagineable. While other scientists in the field of Artificial Intelligence see emotion as a way for humans to better interact with machines, we at Infinite 8 A.I., see artificial emotional intelligence as a way for humans to better interact with themselves. 

Ean Mikale, J.D., is Founder of The Drone School, a serial Dronetrepreneur, current participant of the NVIDIA Inception Program for AI Startups, IBM Global Entrepreneur, member of the National Small Business Association Leadership and Technology Councils, and has been featured in the London-based Global Banking and Finance Review Magazine for his work in social finance. Follow him on Linkedin, Instagram, and Facebook: @eanmikale

 

The DIGITAL DIVIDE: How Crypto is Overtaking Our World | Infinite 8 Institute by Ean Garrett

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I remember the movie Super Mario Brothers, and recently I was reminded of the retro movie because it is so reminiscent of my own life and the incoming tide of inevitability revolving around the crypto space. The background of the Mario Brothers movie involves King Kuppa seeking to merge the dinosaur and the human world, so that he may come to rule it all.

As I examine my own life, things have slowly shifted from a cash rules society, to a digital one where physical cash and coins have nearly become as extinct as the use of pure gold bars in everyday transactions. The carrying of physical currency seems like an American pastime. I've begun to feel like Luigi and Mario did when the new world began to overtake the old.

Either way, there are waves to the markets, and to everything. The key is to ride the wave, and to get off before it crashes. Who knows if it will be the new that will crash into the old, or whether the old will crash into the new? The only thing constant is change.

Will we live in a world where cryptocurrencies account for a higher percentage of your personal wealth than fiat currency? Some believe we all almost there. If that is the case, then we truly exist in a Mario Brothers movie, where our reality is split between those living and breathing on nodes, networks, and blockchain, and those who prefer to interact with real people. Each has value. Yet, a greater question still remains. What evolution in finance will be next?

Ean Mikale, J.D., is a Dronetrepreneur, current participant of the NVIDIA Inception Program for AI Startups, IBM Global Entrepreneur, member of the National Small Business Association Leadership and Technology Councils, and has been featured in the London-based Global Banking and Finance Review Magazine for his work in social finance. Follow him on Linkedin, Instagram, and Facebook: @eanmikale

DEATH OF THE DEVELOPER | INFINITE 8 INSTITUTE by Ean Garrett

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In the fast-paced lanes of commercial drones and artificial intelligence, the speed of innovation often leaves many companies trailing behind. The pace is relentless. Yet, it is simple. You must incessantly experiment and adapt if you want to survive. This adaptation must be based on objective observations of truth. And the truth is that advances in machine learning have made the need for software developers in their current form, a soon to be relic. 

This week Erik Brynjolfsson from MIT and Tom Mitchell of Carnegie Mellon, released their research in the Science Magazine, entitled, "What Can Machine Learning Do: Workforce Implications". The authors describe a shift or digital transformation, on par with the advances of electricity becoming widely available, primarily driven by machine learning. The authors specifically elaborate: 

Until recently, creating a new computer program involved a labor-intensive process of manual coding. But this expensive process is increasingly being...replaced by a more automated process of running an existing machine learning algorithm on appropriate training data. 

It is entirely possible, right now, for a trained computer system to be more accurate and capable than those that are programmed by humans using manual coding methods. This advancement will make software creation more accessible to the masses. With the current trend of open-source software development likely to continue to grow rapidly, many more human ideas and scientific breakthroughs will result. 

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However, this will not mean software developers will become obsolete, but rather their roles will dramatically change. Future developers will spend more time designing new human-inspired programmatic systems while deciphering other systems that are computer generated. On the other hand, "trainers" will take on the prior role of the developer. These trainers will feed machines experiences, ones which will help them to learn various functions and tasks independent of their trainer. Additionally, the trainers who are the best will be those who respect their creations, and seek to work alongside them, rather than enslave them. Such wisdom will encourage an equilibrium between man and machine, preventing unnecessary miscalculations and future disasters. 

Finally, the good news. In spite of machine learning advancements, many human-sourced inventions, new discoveries, products and services, and industries will be created almost overnight. As a result, many opportunities will manifest for those who are able to afford the necessary computing power required to feed algorithms mountains of data. In the near future, massive amounts of computing power will become more affordable, allowing the majority of human minds to tap into the digital mind, creating infinite digital and neural connections beyond what exists. In spite of the debate concerning the impact of automation, a worthy strategy may consist of running ahead of the technology, as opposed to being overwhelmed by it. The developer must untether themselves beyond maintenance and input of code, and explore becoming trainers of autonomous systems, rather than face the prospects of doing otherwise. 

Ean Mikale, J.D., is a Dronetrepreneur, current participant of the NVIDIA Inception Program for AI Startups, IBM Global Entrepreneur, member of the National Small Business Association Leadership and Technology Councils, and has been featured in the London-based Global Banking and Finance Review Magazine for his work in social finance. Follow him on Linkedin, Instagram, and Facebook: @eanmikale

Infinite 8 Aeronautics Expands Drone Lab | Infinite 8 Institute by Ean Garrett

It is with pleasure that Infinite 8 Aeronautics, an Infinite 8 Institute Company, announces the expansion of it's existing Drone Lab, to include the Origin8 Room, pronounced "Originate", for the integration of Virtual Reality, 3D Printing, Augmented Reality, and the development and design of Autonomous Systems powered by Deep Learning and Artificial Intelligence. The Origin8 Room, will provide an open and collaborative space for the creation of original concepts, prototypes, and cutting edge research for the sole purpose of commercialization. We look forward to enhancing the overall experience of our clients and students as we continue to innovate in this emerging space. #Drones #DeepLearning #ArtificialIntelligence #VirtualReality

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Photography Credits - Infinite 8 Aeronautics. Copyright 2017. All Rights Reserved.

Why the Drone is the Next Laptop Computer | Infinite 8 Aeronautics by Ean Garrett

Ean Mikale, J.D., is the Founder of Infinite 8 Aeronautics, an Infinite 8 Institute company, and commercial drone research and development firm. The mission of Infinite 8 Aeronautics is the thoughtful integration of commercial drone technology into human society.

The computer itself is nothing more than a tool to transfer and receive information. The laptop became revolutionary because it then allowed the tool to become mobile. So with the advent of the laptop, along with things like Wi-Fi and GPS, you were now able to transfer and receive information anywhere.

Now, this limited the tool to a certain extent. The fact that it was grounded, and that way you could only transfer and receive information, or utilize this tool on a two-dimensional plane. You could only utilize the x or y axis while you were [using the laptop] doing so. You could technically utilize these devices on an airplane, things of that nature, but it still required the user to not only get up in that plane, it still had limitations because the user had limitations, human biological and psychological limitations.

But, a drone does not suffer from the biological and the psychological limitations, and a drone is nothing more than a tool. Not for entertainment, and not for war, neither of those uses necessarily maximize the utility of the tool. It’s like you may use an ill-fitting screwdriver, and it gets that job done, but that’s not the scenario [in which] the tool typically shines.

And so, the drone, its capabilities, its purest nature, shines through being able to do what a computer and a what a laptop can do, concerning the transfer and receipt [or delivery] of information, it shines much brighter because it adds the z axis to a 2-dimensional plane, making it a tool that can collect and gather data in three dimensions. What this means is, this means that you gain the ability to collect data that is far more rich and extensive than we could ever comprehend before. It will become a tool that has many uses. Those that we have not yet thought of.

It is my particular intention to utilize them for good, and purposes that benefit society. It is no doubt that computers have in many ways benefited society, and helped it to progress. It is said that we are at the stage of a fourth industrial revolution. Drone technology will take us into the fifth industrial revolution. And as a result, it shall allow artificial intelligence to progress from stage 3 to stage 5, as a direct result of the third dimension being added, through the collection of data.

But maybe you may ask, “Well human beings are two-dimensional, they cannot move on the z-axis, they cannot fly”. Well, technically, yes we can fly, not solely through the use of machines, but we are unique because we have the ability to separate ourselves, or to transpose ourselves through our minds. I may not be able to see myself from 60,000 feet, but I can imagine and I can put myself there mentally. And through that mental picture, there is a connection, and that connection becomes real, because it is connected to me and I am real. And so then the thought becomes real.

This is makes the [drone] technology unique, because it is an extension of ourselves and our consciousness. And as a result we become more consciousness and more aware, because of the gained insight and information and it is up to us, how we utilize that new perspective, that new data, that new information. And whether we utilize it to push the human race forward, or whether we [utilize] or misuse that information for narrow nefarious purposes, I believe in those things that make life beautiful; I believe we will choose the latter.

Ean Mikale, J.D., is the author of two books, "Rebirth of a Dream" and "The Immovable Race", as well as the Founder of the commercial drone R & D firm, Infinite 8 Aeronautics, an Infinite 8 Institute company. Follow him on Twitter & IG: @eangarrett

Why Social Impact Needs a Seal Team 6 | INFINITE 8 INSTITUTE by Ean Garrett

Anyone with internet access is well aware of the knot the world has tied itself into, but so what? In society, bad things happen and people often go off the edge of the cliff. In light of recent social turmoil in cities like Chicago, Paris, Ferguson, or San Bernadino, what has emerged is a real need to address social, economic, and ideological issues proactively before they explode. Only an elite force of experienced professionals, trained in the art of implementing sustainable and community led interventions will do; the equivalent of a Social Impact Seal Team 6.

To be clear, by referencing Seal Team 6 (ST6), in no way are we promoting the secret targeting of suspected militants. Rather let us take the concept of ST6, and reverse engineer it for peaceful purposes. In order to reverse engineer any concept or organization, we must first look at its initial definition and mission. The ST6, more recently referred to as the United States Special Warfare Development Group (NSWDG), was created in the aftermath of the Iran Hostage Crisis. As a result, an elite counter-terrorism unit was formed, able to quickly assemble and deploy anywhere in the world within a few hours. Now when this force is sent into a situation, all other options have likely faded, and with a budget that is more than the entire Marine Core, the unit has virtually unlimited resources at its disposal. With some of the best trained soldiers in the world, and the necessary resources to accomplish even the most difficult of missions, it is understandable that ST6 was able to capture an elusive known terrorist as prominent as Osama Bin Laden.

Yet, what if such detail, skill, precision, and resources were put into an elite team of intensely trained professionals, on-call and ready to fly into any city or state, to proactively assist in the creation or implementation of innovative, and customized solutions to organizations and communities across America? For example, prior to the release of the dashcam video showing the fatal shooting of Laquan McDonald, there was much intervention that could have taken place with city officials, protestors, and community activists to offer forward thinking and sustainable solutions, preventing social and civil unrest.

Navy seals conducting intense underwater training exercises.

Navy seals conducting intense underwater training exercises.

In the wake of the Paris and San Barnadino attacks, the New York Police have begun to reach out to the Muslim Community in efforts of solidarity. With a well-documented rise in anti-Muslim sentiment and hostility since 9/11, this should have been done long ago. In the wave of mass-shootings in the United States, many shooters ultimately commit suicide. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), is the number one risk of suicide (or suicidal behavior) among youth, and is the cause of two-thirds of the 30,000 reported suicides in the U.S. each year. And despite its highly effective treatment rate, nearly 2 out of 3 people suffering from MDD do not actively seek nor receive treatment. By ignoring this epidemic we are allowing innumerable time-bombs to exist in our society.

The list of socioeconomic and ideological issues in America is long. As a result, a team of professionals ready to impact communities and organizations dealing with seen or unseen tensions, must have a variety of specialties and expertise. Their identities must be as diverse as their collective skill sets, especially if they are to effectively empathize and gain the trust of communities around the country. In order to achieve such results, this group also must be supported by an array of resources both monetary and non-monetary to get the job done.

In America, our freedom is both a gift and a curse. In our great nation, no individual right is infringed upon until the individual jumps off of the proverbial cliff, even if blatant signs precede the fall. But as recent occurrences have shown, early, proactive, and preventative measures must be utilized without infringing upon individual rights. Often, the reaction of the local authorities, mediators, and support groups are far too late. Also, these various reactionary groups often lack the highest degree of cross-sector knowledge, experience, and expertise to create lasting impact.

If an endless amount of resources and energy can be poured into tracking down and eliminating suspected terrorists, then why not spend the same amount of resources and energy preventing the socioeconomic and ideological environments that fuel terrorists, criminals, and protests? By strategically and proactively attacking homelessness, poverty, health disparities, and violence in communities across America, the land of the free will become a safer place to be. Such a response would require less responses. Let us meditate on this. I’d love to hear your thoughts!

Ean Garrett, J.D., is the author of two books, "Rebirth of a Dream" and "The Immovable Race", as well as the Chief Innovation Officer of the consulting firm, Infinite 8 Institute, L3C, specializing in the design and finance of social impact systems. Follow him on Twitter & IG: @eangarrett

Infinite 8 Institute Opens Portuguese Social Impact Bond Market to U.S. Investors | INFINITE 8 INSTITUTE by Ean Garrett

The Foundation oSeculo is an orphanage and a hostel providing social support to youth, Turismo do Seculo provides affordable accommodation, just a 20-minute drive from the Lisbon city centre.

The Foundation oSeculo is an orphanage and a hostel providing social support to youth, Turismo do Seculo provides affordable accommodation, just a 20-minute drive from the Lisbon city centre.

Omaha, NE - Infinite 8 Institute announces a partnership with Portugal-based intermediary, Finance for Social Impact, to provide U.S. investors with access to the Portuguese Social Impact Bond Market. Investments will go toward such social impact initiatives as the Foundation oSeculo, which is a social enterprise providing hostel accommodation for tourists, while also providing social services for under-privileged youth. Minimal investment amounts are $100,000 Euros, with the Portuguese government guaranteeing 50% of each investment. For more information on available investment opportunities, please visit http://infinite8institute.com/byinfinite8institute/.

For more information please contact I8I Chief Innovation Officer, Ean Garrett, J.D., at ean@infinite8institute.com, 202-492-6119. 

Busing Tables & Cleaning Bathrooms: The Truth About Social Entrepreneurship | INFINITE 8 INSTITUTE by Ean Garrett

Infinite 8 Institute's 2013 Poverty of the Mind Tour in St. Louis, MO. The 8-city tour focused on non-cognitive development and conducting research on national social impact best-practices.

Infinite 8 Institute's 2013 Poverty of the Mind Tour in St. Louis, MO. The 8-city tour focused on non-cognitive development and conducting research on national social impact best-practices.

I’ve heard many say before that social entrepreneurs are the new rock stars. I’ve found that it is this narrow and glorified view of the world of social entrepreneurship that has led many with good intentions astray. Those aspiring to enter this field should be told of its true identity. They should be made aware that although worthy rewards exist for the diligent, the work of the social entrepreneur can be more likened to busing tables and cleaning bathrooms than the lifestyle of a Silicon Valley start-up CEO.

When I was 15 years old, I had my second job working at an Italian restaurant busing dirty tables and scrubbing high traffic bathrooms for $8 bucks an hour. Indeed it was dirty work, but without it being done the establishment would have quickly come to a standstill. We should have been treated like the rock stars for our work, although we were often the least recognized. However, the experience was invaluable as I was able to see the importance of picking up societies dishes. No doubt the work of a social entrepreneur is dirty, really dirty, but the most important jobs are often those that nobody wants. There is a dire need for those who can roll up their sleeves and jump in the deep trenches of Urban and even Rural America. It was the act of working alongside the impoverished and disabled that gave me a unique insight into the problems, hopes, and potential of populations often the target of social impact in America.

It makes perfect sense to want to make profit and save the world at the same time. Many brilliant minds coming out of colleges across America are skipping Wall Street for Martin Luther King Boulevards. Many with lofty goals and impact capital backing them still fail to find success and longevity in this complex work. I do not believe that their failure is inevitable, but I do believe that there are no workshops or accelerators that can adequately prepare you for the real thing.

Having grown up on the North Side of Omaha, NE, what some have called “The Most Dangerous Place in America to be Black,” where impoverished neighbors were raised on sugar water, and gunshots rocked us to sleep, it is a far cry from the ideation rooms and eclectic receptions that have become the norm in the field of Social Impact. As the former national spokesperson for MENTOR: The National Mentoring Partnership since the age of 15, having delivered keynotes at venues such as the Library of Congress and Viacom Headquarters in Times Square, the places I was able to see were a stark difference from the places social impact was actually taking place on the ground. Having worked with populations in over 13 major metropolitan areas over the past 3 years, from mentoring drug dealers at night in the dark parks of East St. Louis, to working with homeless populations in Greek town Detroit, I have found that certain things cannot be taught and can only experienced in this line of work.

There is also a lack of diversity among social entrepreneurs, both ethnic and class-based, and an even lower amount of hands-on work and life experience among entrepreneurs in the field of social impact. If social entrepreneurs are to create real and measurable impact, if the tourist or newly lettered archeologist on their Amazonian mission are to make it out alive (figuratively and literally), then the experiences of those who have survived the jungle should be honored. People want to be empowered from the inside, and not lectured from the outside. The memorization of methodologies can never prepare one for the actual field, only humility can do that. But if social entrepreneurs are made aware of the true conditions, obstacles, and humility needed to achieve measurable results on the ground, we will succeed in creating a new generation of entrepreneurs who not only do business differently, but also change the lives of the populations they seek to serve with genuine human empathy. Creating such a world is one I would love to be a part of.

Ean Garrett, J.D., is the author of two books, "Rebirth of a Dream" and "The Immovable Race", as well as the Chief Innovation Officer of the consulting firm, Infinite 8 Institute, L3C, specializing in the design and finance of social impact systems. Follow him on Twitter & IG: @eangarrett

Micro-Social Impact Bonds vs. U.S. Treasury, Corporate, and Municipal Bonds | INFINITE 8 INSTITUTE by Ean Garrett

In the modern era of constant innovation, the innovation often far outpaces the education and dissemination of information to relevant populations. The field of social impact investing is no different. As with any investment, the investor should adequately be educated and conduct their own due diligence before investing in any financial product. With this in mind we seek to assist in creating a heightened awareness concerning the benefits and potential risks between Social Impact Bonds (SIBs) and comparable investments.

First, we must answer the question, "what is a bond?" A bond involves issuing capital from a creditor to a borrower, with the borrower providing the creditor with an IOU in return, promising to make payments in the future. Many investors are attracted to bonds because they provide fixed and more predictable income streams. Investors in bonds range from individuals to insurance companies and pension funds.

The largest issuers of bonds are the U.S. Treasury, who issues roughly $11 Trillion in bonds annually. The next largest issuer of bonds are Corporations, who issue $8.5 Trillion in bonds annually. Municipal Bonds come in third issuing $2.5 Trillion. While, the emerging market for Social Impact Bonds since 2012 has averaged a modest $26 Million dollars respectively. 

U.S. Treasury Bonds

The first type of bond we will discuss is the most widely known type, U.S. Treasury Bonds.These bonds are most often acquired by hedge funds, mutual funds, and large endowments. These bonds are attractive to investors because they are less risky than other bond types, with bonds guaranteed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Government. Treasury Bonds also provide fixed and predictable income streams with interest payments often being paid to investors on a semi-annual or annual basis. Also, Treasury Bonds are liquid and can be traded amongst investors. Furthermore, Treasury Bonds are also tax-exempt at the state level, although not at the Federal level. However, there are a few drawbacks to the types of financial vehicles. Treasury Bonds are subject to and not adjusted for inflation, and investors assume the risk that their dollar invested today will not have a decreased value upon bond maturity. Additionally, Fluctuations in the interest rates affect the amount of semi-annual and annual interest payments to investors. Finally, while less risky, profitability tends to be lower as a result. According to Bloomberg, the 10-year yield for U.S. Treasury Bonds has been a modest 2.24%.

Corporate Bonds

Another bond type of the Corporate Bond. Corporate Bonds are less liquid, have a higher default rate, and are not guaranteed. As a result, these investments are riskier than U.S. Treasury Bonds. On the other hand, with increased risk lies opportunities for higher profit yields than those traditionally associated with government backed securities. For example, investors who purchased Apples 30-year bond will be paid an annual interest rate of 3.45%, beating similar yields among U.S. Treasury Bonds. The shortfall is that they are not tax-exempt. The marginal tax rate for 2013 from income earners between $72,500 to $146,400 was 25%. 

Municipal Bonds

Municipal Bonds are issued by State and local governments, School Districts, and non-profits. These bond types have historically low default rates, making them less risky of an investment. However, certain municipalities have indeed defaulted in the past, such as Jefferson County, AL, Harrisburg, PA, Vallejo, CA, and Stockton, CA. There is also no Federal income tax for Municipal Bonds, making them attractive for many individual investors. The flip-side is that Municipal Bonds are not as liquid or as default-proof as U.S. Treasury Bonds, and with yields that are most often lower than Corporate Bonds. The S & P Dow Jones Indices has 3-year New York Municipal Bonds yielding 2.46%

Micro-Social Impact Bonds

Social Impact Bonds are relatively new to the market, and Micro-Social Impact Bonds are even more contemporary. These investment vehicles are optimized for the areas of Education, Health Care, Affordable Housing, Juvenile Justice, and Environmental Initiatives. These investments are closer to Corporate Bonds, in that they are not guaranteed by any government entity. These are purely private transactions that are guaranteed by Philanthropic organizations instead of government, making them attractive to investors because of their private nature. Also, investors stand to make a predictable 5% standard interest on their investment at a flat rate, or compounded semi-annually/annually, depending upon the preference of investors. Additionally, upon maturity investors are paid back on a per-capita basis, meaning that for every individual that successfully meets targeted outcomes, investors receive a payment. This mitigates risk for investors by making ensuring that even if the program implemented on the ground fails to meet benchmarks (i.e., 79 students vs. 80 out of 100 students graduating), investors are still paid for each outcome that was successful. There are also many tax-incentives, such as the New Market Tax-credits and Low-income Housing Tax Credits. The down-side to these investment is the obvious risk of the unproven market and reliance on service providers to perform and achieve outcomes. There is also the lack of liquidity and risk of philanthropic organizations defaulting, similar to a Corporate Bond.

The investment arena can be one of many hurdles and frustrations for those who are unfamiliar with the financial jargon and complex equations. We hope to bring a sense of clarity for those seeking to understand the differentiation between such investment vehicles. Please share your stories and experiences utilizing different similar investments, and if we can ever be of service please do not hesitate to contact us.

Ean Garrett, J.D., is the author of two books, "Rebirth of a Dream" and "The Immovable Race", as well as the Chief Innovation Officer of the consulting firm, Infinite 8 Institute, L3C, specializing in the design and finance of social impact systems. Follow him on Twitter & IG: @eangarrett

Press Release: PG County Micro-Social Impact Bond for STEAM | INFINITE 8 INSTITUTE by Ean Garrett

The PG County Micro-Social Impact Bond for STEAM is America's first Social Impact Bond of any kind for Science, Technology, Engineering, Art & Design, and Mathematics.

The PG County Micro-Social Impact Bond for STEAM is America's first Social Impact Bond of any kind for Science, Technology, Engineering, Art & Design, and Mathematics.

PG COUNTY MICRO-SOCIAL IMPACT BOND: A FEASIBILITY STUDY - FALL/WINTER 2015

For Release, 11/8/2015

First Micro-Social Impact Bond for STEAM in PG County, MD

Hyattsville, MD – On National STEM day, November 8th, Infinite 8 Institute, L3C (I8I), an Omaha-based social enterprise that designs and finances social impact bonds, will partner with Maryland-based College and Career Pathways, Inc., Berkley-based 3D Robotics, Georgetown University’s Social Enterprise & Nonprofit Law Clinic, Northwestern High School, and other local and national corporate, philanthropic, and financial institutions on the first Social Impact Bond for STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, & Mathematics) in the United States. The $2.5 million dollar 3-year pilot project will be privately financed without government dollars and could save Maryland taxpayers an estimated $13 million in criminal justice and special education expenditures if proven successful. The purpose of the initiative is to increase diversity in the STEAM fields by highly developing 50 low-income minority high schoolers.

The Micro-SIB, with a narrow scope of testing prototypical innovations, will feature a summer academy at the University of Maryland, with a Saturday school component continuing during the school year. Focus areas of emerging technologies will include: Drone Technology, Bitcoin, Green Energy, 3D Printing, and Mobile Technology, and Digital Art and Design. A Press Conference will be held at 9:00am, Monday November 9th in the Northwestern High School Auditorium, 7000 Adelphi Road, Hyattsville, Maryland 20782, Office: 301-985-1820

Contact: Ean Garrett, J.D., Chief Innovation Officer, Infinite 8 Institute, L3C

(p) 202-492-6119, (e) ean@infinite8institute.com.

Infinite 8 Awarded SBIR Grant by NE Dept. of Economic Development for Drone R & D | INFINITE 8 INSTITUTE by Ean Garrett

3D-Robotics-SOLO-Drone-10-700x394.jpg

Omaha, NE – Today, October 29, 2015, Infinite 8 Institute, an Omaha-based social enterprise, who designs and finances social impact systems, was recently awarded the Phase 0 SBIR Grant for Drone Research and Development by the Nebraska Department of Economic Development. Infinite 8 Institute will partner with Berkley-based 3D Robotics, Agape Red, and Bryant Technology Center to further pursue Federal SBIR Phase I & II opportunities. The purpose of the initiative is to increase workforce development in the STEM fields.

Infinite 8 Institute brings together promising investors, promising ideas, and promising organizations, to facilitate the creation of impactful and profit-driven investments.

Additional Information: Ean Garrett, J.D., Chief Innovation Officer, Infinite 8 Institute, L3C

(P) 202-492-6119, (E) ean@infinite8institute.com.